» Chemicals » Base chemicals » Dynamic crossflow ..

Krauss-Maffei DCF dynamic crossflow filter

The DCF is suitable for the clarification of liquids and for concentrating and washing of solids in a broad variety of chemical and biochemical products. No matter if the valuable products are solids or liquids, the DCF increases yield and product quality.

Technological advantages

  • Highest possible yields by processing of highly concentrated suspensions up to viscosities of 7,000 mPas
  • Optimum product quality due to single-pass filtration concept, short residence times, no contact with gases, and minimum thermal and mechanical impact
  • Highly accurate membranes with different cut-offs achieve a clear filtrate, typically with residual turbidity of less than 1NTU
  • Smaller installed filtration area due to higher permeate flux
  • 80% reduction in energy consumption compared to traditional membranes
    • Reduced thermal product treatment
    • Lower energy costs
    • Little or no suspension cooling
  • Substantial savings, in any subsequent evaporation or drying
  • Reduced operating costs and wider range of applications
  • Reduced feed pressure due to more effective prevention of clogging layer
  • Homogeneous trans-membrane pressure across the entire surface (no inlet or outlet zones in membranes)
  • Easy inspection as the filtration surface is on the outside of the membrane

Machine benefits

  • Very low retention volume in relation to the membrane surface
  • Hermetic design
  • Designs for basic chemical to high-end, sterile pharmaceutical applications
  • Full CIP and SIP available, GMP enabled
  • Small footprint, easy transport and installation
  • Easy maintenance
  • Hanging shaft design eliminates the risk of gases at the membranes and in the permeate
  • Lowest mechanical stress on product due to minimized process volume
  • Feed bottom and discharge top: easy cleaning due to hygienic design
  • Avoidance of retentate recirculation by means of dead-end operation (single-pass process)
Chemicals Petrochemicals and polymers (latex), mineral oil, pharmaceuticals (antibiotics, injections), base chemicals,
agrochemicals, speciality chemicals, natural rubber and bioplastics, chemical recovery


Dairy, wine, beer and juices (clarification, removal of fining agents), neutraceuticals and functional ingredients
(proteins, enzymes), industrial fermentation (proteins, enzymes, yeast, E. coli) animal processing, bioprocess engineering products (proteins, enzymes, yeast, E. coli)


Processing parameters

Pore sizes membranes/ filters

Ceramic (asymmetric): Ultrafiltration 5–60 nm; microfiltration 0.2–2 µm

Metal: 1–200 µm

Membrane area 0.03–32 m2
Processable viscosity up to 7,000 mPas
Crossflow velocity up to 7.3 m/s
Shear stress up to 140,000 Pa
Operating feed pressure 0-6 bar (isobaric processing possible)
Operating TMP 0.3–2.0 bar (lower than other crossflow technologies)


General information

Crossflow methods for separating substances with poor filtration properties are state of the art. In chemical applications with solvents, abrasive materials, and similar, the use of ceramic filter membranes is gaining popularity.

Filtration principles

In traditional cross-flow filtration, the development of a clogging layer on the surface of the filter membranes is prevented by pumping the feed. When handling sensitive or highly viscous products, this method is not efficient or not even feasible. In this case, traditional, circulating cross-flow filtration technologies would not be able to concentrate liquids to a highly viscous sludge. As dynamic cross-flow filtration (DCF) is able to concentrate the retentate to a sludgy consistency, the efficiency of the separation process and yield of the valuable compound are higher than from any other cross-flow technology. ANDRITZ KMPT has made further advances in the DCF process.

Working principle of DCF

Working principle of DCF

In this technology, overlapping, rotating discs generate a differential speed in relation to one another. This design creates a turbulent crossflow without using a pump to circulate the slurry. By applying wall shear stress that is at least 50% higher than in conventional crossflow systems, the formation of a clogging layer, which obstructs the permeate flow, can be avoided or at least reduced significantly. Ceramic filter membranes are installed as standard, but metal filter membranes can also be installed. Upgrades for existing plants, with a DCF being included downstream of a traditional crossflow filter, enhance the process, reduce energy costs, and increase the throughput. In any event, removal of bottlenecks is often the main reason for installing a DCF, and in some cases, the reduction of energy consumption is motivation enough.

DCF lab-scale cross-section

Every drop counts – higher solids concentration, higher yields for recovery of liquids. With its dynamic crossflow filter (DCF), ANDRITZ SEPARATION provides a highly efficient separation solution that fulfills the latest standards and is bridging gaps that common technologies have to bypass. Recovery of tank lees in wineries during vintage or wine purification, for example,  is only one of the various applications of the DCF. It is a smart solution to increase yield, optimize quality, reduce costs, and improve working conditions.


diameter (mm)

Number of

area (m2)

volume (l)

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

weight (kg)

Number of shafts

DCF 152/S 152 1 0.03 0.4 500 400 600 30 1
DCF 152/0,14 152 4 0.14 2.5 900 700 500 150 2
DCF 312/2 312 16 2.1 60/40* 1,700 1,500 1,800 1,200 2
DCF 312/4 312 32 4.2 100/60* 1,700 1,500 1,800 1,280 2
DCF 312/6 312 48 6.3 130/80* 1,300 1,500 1,900 1,350 2
DCF 312/8 312 64 8.4 170/100* 1,300 1,000 2,100 1,400 2
DCF 312/10 312 80 10.5 200/120* 1,300 1,000 2,300 1,450 2
DCF 312/16 312 128 16.4 300/180* 1,400 2,300 2,500 2,550 2
DCF 312/20 312 160 20.5 350 1,450 2,400 2,500 2,900 4
DCF 312/24 312 192 24.6 400 1,500 2,500 2,500 2,900 4
DCF 312/28 312 224 28.7 450 1,550 2,600 2,600 3.150 4
DCF 312/32 312 256 32.8 500 1,600 2,600 2,600 3,400 4

*= round/ oval housing available. All technical data are approximate and subject to change without notice.

Krauss-Maffei DCF with 16m²

Krauss-Maffei DCF with 16 m²

Ceramic membranes with overlap

Ceramic membranes with overlap



Phone: +49 (8139) 80299 900

Contact us

Related links

Our products

Service & maintenance




Video: Dynamic crossflow filter


Brochure Krauss-Maffei dynamic      crossflow filter (DCF) | DE

Brochure food

Brochure dairy | DE | IT | PT

Brochure DCF for beverage applications

Brochure DCF for dairy applications

Brochure DCF for wine | ES | FR | PT

Success story Toso | DE | ES | FR |      IT

Products & services - details - ANDRITZ GROUP - servertoken